Three Welsh Romances

New-WI-LogoThe Three Welsh Romances (Welsh: Y Tair Rhamant) are three tales associated with the Mabinogion. They are versions of Arthurian tales that also appear in the work of Chrétien de Troyes.

Critics have debated whether the Welsh Romances are based on Chrétien’s poems or if they derive from a shared original. Though it seems probable the surviving Romances derive, directly or indirectly, from Chrétien, it is probable he in turn based his tales on older, Celtic sources. The Romances survive in the White Book of Rhydderch and the Red Book of Hergest, both from the 14th century, though the material is at least as old as Chrétien.

The Three Welsh Romances are: