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Llandeilo

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The approach to Llandeilo. Photograph © Gwilym Owen

Llandeilo is a town in Carmarthenshire, west Wales, situated at the crossing of the River Tywi by the A40 on an elegant stone bridge.

Llandeilo is named after one of the better known Celtic saints of the sixth century, Saint Teilo. The Welsh word "llan" signified a religious enclosure, normally one dedicated to a particular saint (thus corresponds, today, to "church of"). Saint Teilo, who was a contemporary of Saint David the patron Saint of Wales, established a small monastic settlement or "clas" on the site of the present-day church.

The early history of Llandeilo is therefore closely related to the establishment of Christianity in the local area. Although there is very little factual detail about the life of Saint Teilo, the fact that he was highly respected in his lifetime and revered after his death is shown by the forty-five places dedicated to him, some as far afield as Brittany.

After St Teilo's death, two larger ecclesiastical centres in Wales, namely Llandaff Cathedral and St David's Cathedral, laid claim to his body. There is reasonable evidence to suggest however, that Saint Teilo was buried in Llandeilo, where "he spent a solitary life gloriously". The parish church of Llandeilo Fawr (which means Great Llandeilo) is dedicated to Saint Teilo, and until 1880 its churchyard encompassed his baptistry.

The early Christian settlement that developed around the Church of Saint Teilo prospered and by the early ninth century it had attained considerable ecclesiastical status as the seat of a Bishop-Abbot. The Church of Saint Teilo soon became a "mother church" to the surrounding district, acquiring an extensive estate and possessing one of the principality's most beautiful and finely illustrated manuscripts - the Gospel Book of Saint Teilo. The discovery of fragments of two large Celtic crosses from this period provide further testimony to Llandeilo's importance and indeed prestige as an early ecclesiastical centre.

Towards the end of the ninth century, the importance of Llandeilo as a spiritual centre had started to decline and the Gospel Book of Saint Teilo was removed to Lichfield where it became commonly known as the Lichfield Gospels and Book of St Chad. The Bishops of Lichfield still use this manuscript to swear allegiance to the Crown.

In the centuries that followed the Norman Conquest, the Bishops of Llandaff and St David's both claimed Llandeilo for their respective diocese. By the early 12th Century Llandeilo came under the patronage of the Bishopric of St David's, an ecclesiastic borough which became responsible for the affairs of the town including its development as an important market centre to an extensive agricultural hinterland. Until the middle of the last century, a fair called St Teilo's Fair which had been authorised by Edward I in 1290 was held annually in the churchyard. Some of the agricultural produce and other goods offered for sale are recorded to have been displayed on the tombstones.

In the great storm of 1987, the floods were so severe that the River Tywi overwhelmed the railway bridge crossing the river at Llandeilo. A school boy was tragically drowned when a train tried to cross the bridge and the bridge collapsed dropping the train into the raging river.


 Trains: Llandeilo is on the Heart of Wales Line


 Libraries:
 Llandeilo Library
       Crescent Road
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6HN
 01558 823659


 Rugby: Llandeilo RFC


 Pubs/Bars:
 The Castle Hotel
       113 Rhosmaen St
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6EN
 01558 823446

 Cawdor Arms Hotel
       72 Rhosmaen Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6EN

 The Cottage Inn
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6SD
 01558 822890

 Farmers Arms
       57 Rhosmaen Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6LW
 01558 823783

 The Nag's Head Inn
       Llandeilo
       Carmarthenshire
       SA19 6SD
 01558 822890

 The Red Dragon
       Rhydcymerau
       Llandeilo
       Carmarthenshire
       SA19 7PS
 01558 685527

 Salutation Inn
       33 New Road
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6DF
 01558 823325

 Three Tuns
       1 Market Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6AH
 01558 823978

 The Torbay Inn
       27 Heol Cennen
       Ffairfach
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6UL
 01558 823140

 White Hart Inn
       36 Carmarthen Road
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6RS

 The White Horse Inn
       125 Rhosmaen Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6EN
 01558 822424


 Hotels:
 The Angel Inn
       Rhosmaen Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6EN
 01558 822765

 Cawdor Arms Hotel
       Rhosmaen Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6EN
 01558 823500

 The Plough Inn
       Rhosmaen
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6NP
 01558 823431

 White Hart Inn
       36 Carmarthen Road
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6RS
 01558 823419


 B&B's/Guesthouses
 Blaen-y-Garn B&B
       Manordeilo
       Llandeilo
       Carmarthenshire
       SA19 7BG 
 01550 777707
 01550 777707
 [email protected]
 http://www.blaen-y-garn.co.uk

 Bryn-Y-Wawr Guest House
       Brynwawr
       Penybanc
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 7SU
 01558 822419

 Penhill
       Trap
       Llandeilo
       Carmarthenshire
       SA19 6UB 
 01558 823060
 01558 823060
 [email protected]
 http://www.penhill.org.uk


 Restaurants:
 Yr Hen Vic
       82 New Road
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6DF
 01558 822596


 Cafes:
 Cafe 101
       101 Rhosmaen Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6HA
 01558 823756

 Gwili Cafe
       Rhosmaen Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6HD
 01558 823236


 Take Aways:
 The Chippery (Fish and Chips)
       48 Rhosmaen Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6HA
 01558 823765

 Llandeilo Kebab House
       6 Wellfield Terrace
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6DH
 01558 822917

 Kunzan Tandoori
       93 Rhosmaen Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6HA
 01558 824122


 Children:
 Pili Pala Nursery
       Carmarthen Street
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6AW
 01558 823234


 Taxis:
 Bridge Taxis
       Oakleigh House
       16 Heol Cennen
       Ffairfach
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6UH
 01558 822093

 Llandeilo Taxi Services
       11 Caledfwlch
       Cwmifor
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 7BT
 01558 822020


 Vets:
 Teilo Vets
       6 King St
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 6BA
 01558 823377

 D.M Davies
       Cil-y-Waun
       Salem
       Llandeilo
       Dyfed
       SA19 7LT
 01558 822718


 

 

The images below are by Lee Watts.
 To view a larger image, just click on the image

Brightly painted houses in Llandeilo

St Teilo's Church graveyard, Llandeilo

Buildings that stand the test of time, Llandeilo

Wyneb dros dro!


 

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