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Penmachno

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Penmachno

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Penmachno is a village in the isolated upland valley of Cwm Penmachno, 4 miles south of Betws-y-Coed in the county of Conwy, north Wales.

It is renowned as the home of Bishop William Morgan (1545 - 1604), who lived in Y Wybrnant near the village. He was one of the leading scholars of his day, having mastered Hebrew in addition to Latin and Greek, and translated the Bible into Welsh.

The parish church of St Tudclud, although not ancient itself, contains five important Early Christian inscribed stone slabs dating from the fifth or sixth centuries, notably one commemorating Cantiorix as a citizen and magistrate of Gwynedd.


 Pubs/Bars in Penmachno:
 The Eagles Hotel
       Penmachno
       Betws-y-Coed
       Gwynedd
       LL24 0UG
 01690 760177


 Hotels in Penmachno:
 Penmachno Hall
       Penmachno
       Betws-y-Coed
       Conwy
       LL24 0PU
 01690 760410
 [email protected]
 http://www.penmachnohall.co.uk/


 Schools/Colleges in Penmachno:
 Ysgol Penmachno (Primary)
       Penmachno
       Betws-Y-Coed
       Conwy
       LL24 0PT
 01690 760394


Penmachno (Pen-Machno) - From 'A Topographical Dictionary of Wales' (1849)
PENMACHNO (PEN-MACHNO), a parish, in the union of Llanrwst, hundred of Nantconway, county of Carnarvon, North Wales, 9 miles (S.) from Llanrwst; containing 1274 inhabitants. This place derives its name from its situation near the source of the river Machno, which rises to the south-west of it, and, flowing through the parish in a north-eastern direction, falls into the Conway. The latter river, also, has its source in a fine lake within the limits of Penmachno, and forms a boundary on the east and north, separating the parish from the county of Denbigh. The surface is mountainous, and the district abounds with mineral wealth; the soil in the valleys is fertile, and the lower lands, which are watered by the Machno and other streams descending from the hills, are productive, and in a good state of cultivation. The area of the parish is 13,000 acres. It is distinguished for some fine mountain scenery, and the views from the higher grounds extend over a tract of country abounding with picturesque beauty. Copper and lead are supposed to be contained in the mountainous parts of the parish; and, in 1784, a lease of the minerals within the common called Llchwedd Oernant was granted by the crown to Mrs. Anne Robinson, for thirty-one years, at a rent of 1. 6. 8., and 15s. per ton for lead-ore, 8s. per ton for calamine, and onetenth part of the copper and other minerals. Many of the inhabitants are quarrymen. Fairs are held on April 17th, August 18th, and October 20th.

The living is a perpetual curacy, rated in the king's books at 9. 10., and endowed with 200 private benefaction, 600 royal bounty, and 1400 parliamentary grant; present net income, 92; patron and impropriator, Sir R. W. Vaughan, Bart. The tithes have been commuted for a rent-charge of 153. The church, dedicated to St. Tyddud, is not distinguished by any architectural details of importance. In the parish are places of worship for Calvinistic and Wesleyan Methodists. There is a Church day school, endowed with 10 per annum, as mentioned below; also a day school unconnected with any particular religious body; and four Sunday schools, connected with the dissenters. Richard Anwyll, in 1681, bequeathed 200 for the use of the poor; Maurice Hughes, in 1723, devised 70 for the same purpose; and David Price, in 1728, charged his estate with a rent-charge of 20s. for their benefit. But the principal benefactor of the parish was Roderick Lloyd, of Middlesex, Esq., who, in 1729, left 10 per annum chargeable on the tithes, for the minister for the time being, in consideration of his teaching the children of the poor gratis to read and write English: this sum is paid to the master of the above Church school, the pupils of which pay certain fees. He further devised some lands and tenements situate in the parish of Llanycil, amounting to 135 acres, and now yielding a rent of 60, for the erection and endowment of an almshouse for five aged men and the same number of women. The almshouse is situated about a quarter of a mile from the church, and is a substantial building of ten apartments, with a piece of ground behind for the general use of the inmates, who receive 10s. a month each. The same benevolent individual devised 100, to be laid out in the purchase of land, the rent to be appropriated to supplying a certain quantity of bread to the poor every Sunday, and meat on Christmas-eve; and with this sum, and the proceeds of Anwyll's and Hughes' bequests, other premises and lands were bought at Llanycil, now worth 40 per annum, which is partly distributed in bread every Sunday, in flannel and linen occasionally, and in small amounts at Christmas and Easter. From the same fund another small purchase was made of two houses and a few acres of ground; one of the tenements is occupied by a pauper put in by the parish, and the rent of the remainder is given to the deserving poor.



 

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