LLANVIHANGEL-NANT-BRÂN (LLAN-FIHANGEL-NANT-BRÂN), a parish, in the hundred of Merthyr-Cynog, union and county of Brecknock, South Wales, 9 miles (N. W.) from Brecknock; containing 495 inhabitants. This place derives its name from the dedication of its church to St. Michael, and its distinguishing adjunct from the small rivulet Brân, which intersects the narrow vale wherein it is situated. The vale extends for about four miles in a direction from north-west to southeast; and along the summits of the hills that inclose it are extensive sheep-walks, affording good pasturage for numerous flocks, upon the rearing of which the farmer depends more than upon tillage. The lower lands, with the exception of a comparatively small portion, are inclosed and in a good state of cultivation. The total area of the parish is 9161 acres, of which 2656 are common or waste. The scenery of the vale is pleasingly varied, but is not distinguished by any striking peculiarity of feature; the views from the higher grounds embrace many objects of interest in the surrounding country, which is rich in picturesque and romantic scenery.
Llanvihangel church was formerly a chapel of ease to Merthyr-Cynog, and, during the usurpation of Cromwell, was endowed with £40 per annum out of the rectorial tithes of that parish, the living of which was sequestrated by the parliament; but at the Restoration the property was given back to the legitimate owner, and the endowment of this chapel was discontinued. The living is a perpetual curacy, endowed with £800 royal bounty; net income, £66; patrons and impropriators, the Coheirs of W. Jeffreys, Esq., whose tithes have been commuted for a rentcharge of £227. The church, situated in the centre of the village, is a plain ancient edifice, in a very dilapidated condition, and possessing no architectural details of importance: the parsonage-house, which had been suffered to go to decay, fell down in the reign of Charles I., and has not since been rebuilt. There are two places of worship for Baptists, and one for Calvinistic Methodists, in each of which a Sunday school is also held. Pwll-y-Llacha, a tenement in the parish, forms part of the endowment of Jesus College, Oxford, given by Dr. Hugh Price, the founder of that institution. Bola Maen, also a tenement in the parish, was given by an unknown benefactor towards the support of a Roman Catholic priest at Brecknock.